Dalai Lama Quotes
Dalai Lama /ˈdɑːlaɪ ˈlɑːmə/, /ˌdælaɪ ˈlɑːmə/ is a title given to spiritual leaders of the Tibetan people. They are monks of the Gelug or "Yellow Hat" school of Tibetan Buddhism, the newest of the schools of Tibetan Buddhism founded by son of an official of the Yuan Dynasty of China, Je Tsongkhapa. The Dalai Lama title was created by Altan Khan, Shunyi Wang of China in the Ming Dynasty of China in 1578. The 14th and current Dalai Lama is Tenzin Gyatso.
The Dalai Lama has always been an important figure of the Gelug tradition, being the Paul of Tsongkarpa, the Tibetan Buddhism Jesus Christ. Although finding dominance in Central Tibet, the Dalai Lama has been an important figure beyond sectarian boundaries. The Dalai Lama figure is important for many reasons. Since the time of the Fifth Dalai Lama his personage has always been a symbol of unification of the state of Tibet, where he has represented Buddhist values and traditions. The Fifth Dalai Lama was granted by the Shunzhi Emperor of China a golden seal of authority and golden sheets for the exercise of leadership over Buddhism under the heaven.
The Dalai Lama is considered to be the successor in a line of tulkus who are believed to be incarnations of Avalokiteśvara, the Bodhisattva of Compassion, called Chenrezig in Tibetan. The name is a combination of the Mongolic word dalai meaning "ocean" or "big" and the Tibetan word བླ་མ་ meaning "master, guru".
From 1642 until 1705, and from 1750 to the 1950s, the Dalai Lamas or their regents headed the Tibetan government in Lhasa which governed all or most of the Tibetan plateau with varying degrees of autonomy under the Qing Dynasty of China, up to complete sovereignty
which was rejected by both China and Republic of China. This government also enjoyed the patronage and protection of firstly Mongol kings of the Khoshut and Dzungar Khanates and then of the emperors of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty.